In 1885, William G. Morgan was working as a YMCA physical education director. YMCA stands for the Young Men's Christian Association. YMCA is a missionary organization which aims to spread Christianity through social projects and has a worldwide following. William G. Morgan wanted to create a new sport for businessmen which was not very physically demanding so he came up with a new game. Morgan's original game used the rubber bladder out of a basketball as the first volleyball. Initially, the dimensions of the court and number of players were not standardized. People who wanted to play volleyball would divide into teams and start playing the game on an area of their own choosing. Thus, William G. Morgan achieved his goal by inventing an enjoyable game which was not as dangerous as other sports such as basketball and in which the number of players can be easily adjusted.
Among the early enthusiasts of this new sport was Dr. Frank Wood, a medical doctor and John Lynch, a fire chief. These two men began to set rules for volleyball in cooperation with William G. Morgan. The rules of the game were declared in 1896. Volleyball spread to the rest of the world in a short period of time as a sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
The game is played on a court 18 meters long and 9 meters wide surrounded by an area called the free zone which is a minimum of 3 meters wide. An indoor court has an obstruction-free area of at least 7 meters. All floor lines must be at least 5 cm wide. Lines must be of a light color which contrasts sharply with the color of the floor and any other lines on the court.
The players try to throw the ball into the air and attempt to hit the ball so it passes over the net and into the opposing team's side. The opposing team must use a combination of no more than three contacts (except blocking) with the volleyball to return the ball to the opponent's side of the net.
Volleyball contributes to the physiological development of practitioners. It requires quick thinking since players must make sudden movements. It boosts team spirit and encourages teamwork. Unlike some other sports, it makes significant contributions to the strengthening of players' reflexes.